The Trimontium Walk took place again on Thursday of last week in sunshine. Adam opened the meeting by outlining the history and achievements of the organisation which is run solely for the benefit of men and their carers. It is governed by a board of trustees, all of whom have personal experience or knowledge of prostate cancer.
Adam emphasised the importance of early diagnosis of the disease. Mae said the organisation travels throughout Scotland, informing clinicians and public alike, about prostate cancer. A short video showing the benefits robotic surgery can provide over conventional surgery was shown. The next meeting of the group will be on Wednesday, July 6, at the same venue at 7pm when the speaker is Alan McLaren, prostate cancer specialist nurse at Borders General Hospital.
New members and carers are always welcome. A hog roast was served, a live band entertained, with bouncy castle, face-painting and games for the children held in the neighbouring village hall. Fancy dress was optional and prizes were presented. This was served along with tray bakes, shortbread etc. Robert Dick proposed a vote of thanks to the organising committee. Gilbert Elliot, president, opened the event by paying tribute to Andrew Bell, who died during the year — he held the post of vice-chairman.
Members visited The Pirn, St Boswells, for their annual outing when 26 of them enjoyed a meal. Mary Pringle, president, said grace. Janet Fleming was the lucky winner of her meal for free.
Catherine Mabon gave an appreciative vote of thanks to Mary for organising the evening and to The Pirn for its hospitality. The annual hog roast in aid of the village hall will be held at the premises on Saturday, June 18, at 6pm. Tickets from Angela or Grace The May meeting featured a demonstration of cake decoration by Shona Morrison who stepped in to demonstrate at the last minute, which was much appreciated. Members learnt some new techniques and very much enjoyed the demonstration.
The raffle was won by Ena Mitchell. Festival Week continues with a village lunch at noon on Thursday, June 16, in the Wauchope Hall, and bingo later in the day at 7pm at the same venue.
Festival festivities end that evening with a dance in the Wauchope Hall 7. Choir members continue to gather in the Youth Hall on Wednesday mornings, busy rehearsing for a concert in Norham Church on Sunday, June 26, at 7.
They will be accompanied by Yetholm Sinfonia. New signs have been erected at the entrance to both villages in Yetholm colours of yellow and green. Villagers are grateful to community councillors who took this project forward. A fence has been erected around the playpark on the playing field — and an appeal made to keep this a dog-free zone. By The Newsroom. Updated Thursday, 16th June , pm.
Earl S. Johnson, Jr. is Pastor of First Presbyterian Church in Johnstown, New York, and an adjunct professor of religious studies at Siena College. He has written. (The Presbyterian Trustee: An Essential Guide)] [By (author) Earl Johnson ] The Presbyterian Trustee:Â An Essential Guide and millions of other books are.
Sunday, June 19 — breakfast, 8. Lorries and horse boxes should park in Annay Road, approaching from the Newstead end. Among others, the celebrated Biblia Pauperum , executed between and , has been attributed to him. It was only natural that his thoughts should be led to the production of single types, as a means of cheapening and facilitating his work. These were first made of wood, and afterward of tin.
The date of his invention of separate types is given as about the year Other dates have been stated, ranging from  to A small primer, or Abecedarium , in our opinion, shows all the marks of the first attempt of an experimenter in a new art. Koster died in The necessity for employing workmen to assist in prosecuting the art led to the divulging of the secret. Among these men, it is supposed, was John Geinsfleisch, or Gutenberg, Senior, who, after learning the processes, returned to Mentz, his native place, and communicated the secret to his nephew, John Gutenberg, an ingenious artist of Strasburg.
It is in evidence that the latter, in connection with two partners, spent a considerable amount of money in some private experiments. These appear to have occupied several years, from to , when a legal contest arose as to the rights of one of the partners whose zealous activity had caused his death.
Gutenberg continued at Strasburg till , when, his means being exhausted, he rejoined his uncle at Mentz. Here he renewed his experiments, and, needing money, he procured an introduction to John Fust, a capitalist and money-lender, who seems to have been struck with the importance of the work, and who advanced a considerable amount all the tools and presses being pledged as security in furtherance of the enterprise. Two years were occupied in making the types and necessary machinery, when the great work of printing the Bible was begun.
There can be little doubt that, during all his years of experiment, Gutenberg had executed smaller books, one of which is surmised to have been a reproduction of the Dutch Speculum of Koster. The Donatus of , the Appeal against the Turks of , and the Letters of Indulgence of and , all appeared before the Bible,  which  was not published till or This great book marked an era in the art. It is painful to be told that about this time Fust foreclosed the mortgage, and the entire work with all the materials passed into his possession. It seems, however, that Gutenberg succeeded in re-establishing a press, and continued to practise the art, but produced no work at all comparable with the Bible.
He died about His skill and the improvements made by him in the art soon led Fust to take him into partnership, and the Bible, the Psalter, and other important works were produced. From this rapid summary, we may conclude, 1. That the merit of the invention of printing, however rude it may have been, belongs to Koster of Haarlem; 2. That Gutenberg placed the art on a permanent foundation; and, 3.
It was of course impossible to conceal the knowledge of an art so useful to man, and within ten years after the publication of the great Bible presses were established in several German cities, in Rome and other parts of Italy, and soon thereafter in France and England. William Caxton acquired a knowledge of the art in Germany, and carried it into practice at Westminster in England. The year is now accepted as the date of the introduction, the first book printed with a date in England being the Dictes and Sayinges of the Philosophers, emprynted by me, William Caxton, at Westmestre, the yere of our Lord m.
He had previously printed, without a date, The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye , which was followed by The Game and Playe of the Chesse, fynysshid the last day of marche the yer of our lord god. These were, however, printed at Bruges; so, according to Mr. Though at that time over sixty years old, Caxton was notable for his industrious habit. He was possessed of good sense and sound judgment; steady, persevering, active, zealous, and liberal in his devices for that important art which he introduced into England, labouring not only as a printer, but as translator and author.
The productions of his press amount to sixty-four.
Item, atte bureyng of William Caxton, for iiii. Item, for the belle atte same bureyng, vj d. The Bible was printed in Spanish at Valencia in by Lambert Palmaert, a German; but so completely was it afterward suppressed by the Inquisition that only four leaves now remain in the archives of Valencia. The first Hebrew Bible ever printed came from the press of Abraham Colorito, at Soncino, in —a very remarkable work.
Iceland had its printing-office in , at which a Bible was printed in The pages were either large or small folios, but sometimes quartos, and, the early books were therefore cumbrous and unhandy. Aldus Manuccio, of Venice, was the first to introduce the octavo form. The leaves were without running titles, direction-words, paginal numbers, or divisions into paragraphs. The character itself was a rude old Gothic similar to that now known as Old English or Black mixed with Secretary, designed to imitate the handwriting of the times; the words were printed so close to one another that the matter was not easily read.
To avoid divisions, the early printers used vowels with a mark of abbreviation over them to denote that one or more letters were omitted in the word: e. Logotypes were frequently employed. Orthography was various and arbitrary. Proper names and sentences were often begun with small letters, as well as the first words in lines of poetry. Blanks were left for the places of titles, initial letters, and other ornaments, to be supplied afterward by illuminators, whose calling did not long survive the masterly improvements made by the printers in this branch of their art.
These ornaments were exquisitely fine, and curiously variegated with the most beautiful colours, and even with gold and silver. These embellishments were often very costly. The date was also omitted, or involved in some cramped design, or printed either at full length or in numerical letters, and sometimes partly one and partly the other: thus, One  Thousand CCCC and lxxiiii; but always placed at the end of the book.
There was no variety of character, nor intermixture of Roman and Italic, which were later inventions; but the pages were printed in a Gothic letter of the same size throughout. Catch-words at the end of the foot-line now generally abolished were first used at Venice, by Vindeline de Spire. The inventor of signatures is said to have been Antonio Zarotti of Milan, about Books were often encased in massive coverings, which were ornamented with florid and arabesque designs.
Jewels and precious metals, the finest stuffs, and the most gorgeous colours were sometimes employed. Scaliger says, that his grandmother had a printed Psalter, the cover of which was two inches thick. On the inner side was a receptacle, containing a small silver crucifix, with the name of Berenica Codronia de la Scala behind it. Printing was introduced into America at Mexico by the Viceroy Mendoza in The first book printed was the Escala espiritual de San Juan Climaco , of which no copy is known to exist; but the oldest American book now extant is the Manual de Adultos , dated , of which only the last four leaves are to be found in the library of the Cathedral of Toledo.
The name of the earliest printer is a matter of question.
Fran Park, whose driving vision set us on our way with the Center. The data for the reliability analysis for research question 2 are displayed in Table Analysis of Research Question 3 The third question of this study was as follows: Are there differences in perceptions of appointed versus elected trustees concerning community college governing board composition and function? We are seeking charities to pilot a self-assessment questionnaire for the board's self-evaluation as you ask. Members should bring their mugs. With Andrew Jackson's acceptance of the transfer of West Florida from the Spanish in came economic change.
Cambridge, Massachusetts, is entitled to the distinction of having the first printing-press in North America, which was under the charge of Stephen Daye. For this press the colony was mainly indebted to the Rev. Jesse Glover, a nonconformist minister possessed of a considerable estate, who had left England to settle among his friends in Massachusetts. The first book issued was the Bay Psalm-Book , in As the government of Pennsylvania became very restrictive in regard to the press, Bradford in removed to New York, and was appointed printer to that colony, where he established in the New York Gazette , the first newspaper published there.
He died May 23, , after an active and useful life of eighty-nine years. The first newspaper in America was the Boston News Letter , which was first issued by John Campbell on Monday, April 24, it was regularly published for nearly seventy-two years. The second was the Boston Gazette , begun December 21, The North American and United States Gazette leads the existing daily press of this country in point of antiquity.
It is the successor of the Pennsylvania Packet , begun in and becoming a daily paper in , and is still the chief commercial journal of Philadelphia. The first paper-mill in America was established near Germantown, Pa.
For a long period after the discovery of printing, it seems that type-founding, printing, and binding went under the general term of printing , and that printers cast the types used by them, and printed and bound the works executed in their establishments. Type-founding became a distinct calling early in the seventeenth century.