The EBG survey also reports that new technologies are driving the boom in telemental health, with a significant increase in mobile applications related to mental health now almost 6 percent of all mobile health apps and another 11 percent devoted to stress management.
In addition to long wait times, distance, cost, and stigma present significant barriers to getting care. The survey provides a detailed state-by-state analysis of legal issues related to telemental health, such as:.
There is also comprehensive data tracking telehealth legislation and rulemaking in progress for each state. Highlights include the following:. The survey breaks new ground for anyone navigating this multifaceted legal landscape.
In addition to Mr. Quashie and Ms.
Survey of Health Law in the United States covers the early history of health laws in the United States and in the states, such as quarantine laws, from the. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) has monitored the health of the in Section of the Public Health Service Act (42 United States Code k).
Hoerner , Bonnie I. Scott , James S. Tam , and Meghan F. Weinberg contributed to the survey. Click here to download the survey. Founded in as an industry-focused firm, Epstein Becker Green has decades of experience serving clients in health care, financial services, retail, hospitality, and technology, among other industries, representing entities from startups to Fortune companies.
Operating in offices throughout the U. Public Health Service was tasked with implementing an annual survey to collect information on morbidities — physical or mental conditions related to any illness or injury — and medical service and medical facility utilization. The most recent re-design of the survey questionnaire was implemented in NHIS data contain information on health , influences on health , and health outcomes , as well as common demographic indicators to give users the ability to examine health status , behavior , and risk factors within and across subsets of the population such as racial and ethnic health disparities.
The major health topics covered in the Core questionnaires include health status , insurance coverage , complementary and alternative medicine , use of health services, immunizations , health behaviors , injuries , occupational health , cancer screening , ability to perform daily activities, and conditions such as asthma , diabetes , mental health.
Periodically, the NHIS includes supplemental questionnaires regarding a focused topic that might be of particular current interest. For example, a cancer supplement was fielded in , , , , , , and , and sponsored by the National Cancer Institute and the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention. This supplement included questions about cancer screenings , diet , exercise , smoking , sun exposure , and family history. A full list of supplements can be found on the NHIS website. The National Center for Health Statistics publishes periodical statistical summaries,  compiling the results of the most recent NHIS and trending those statistics over time for certain groups.
Noninstitutional civilian Americans both citizens and non-citizens are sampled by household , allowing for analysis of medical behavior at the familial-level.
Invited Commentary. As a result, policy discussions have been forestalled and potentially fruitful collaborations between free clinics and other safety net providers have been hindered. Sampling bias could have occurred if existing free clinics were not included in the cases examined, but this likelihood was reduced because the population was surveyed. Two factor analyses using Principal Component Analyses PCA with Varimax rotations were performed to identify the components underlying the survey questions related to patient-practitioner orientation and perceptions about a single payer system. This will be of mutual benefit for the five infrastructures and the communities they serve. With four sample panels and no sample cuts or augmentations, the expected NHIS sample size completed interviews is approximately 35, households containing about 87, persons. Unemployment is associated with a number of negative health results, including mental health issues like depression, and lack of medical coverage.
After a household has been sampled, one adult and one child if any are present is selected to complete the Sample Adult and Sample Child components of the survey. In years without budget cuts, approximately 35, households containing 87, individuals are included. NHIS follows a multi-stage area probability design, meaning that geographic areas — rather than unique households — are sampled first, and then within those selected areas, residences are sampled.
Unlike surveys with a panel or longitudinal design , the entirety of data collected from each household occurs from a single interview lasting about an hour. In addition to appropriately weighting households that might have been over-represented in the raw data due to oversampling of populations of interest , survey analysis packages are needed to employ the Taylor-series linearization technique to correctly calculate the standard errors and confidence intervals. NHIS data are freely downloadable by the public, and generally become available in June or July for the preceding year's data set.
The current publicly available annual National Health Interview Survey data release consists of four files which describe the demographics and health-related characteristics of the survey population at the household, family, and person-level, as well as two files designed to capture information on any injuries experienced during the year.
With one record per household in the sample, this file mainly contains descriptors necessary to determine the number of individuals and families within each sampled household, and allows researchers to link families or other unrelated individuals captured in any of the other Core files based on household of residence using the HHX variable. This file also contains basic information on non-response and a household-level final weight.
This file contains one record per family in the sample, with general information on identifiers such as family member age, race, family structure, family income , health status and limitations, injuries and poisonings, access to care and utilization, and health insurance. The family file can be linked to other files containing information on adults and children within each family using the HHX and FMX variables.
This file contains information on every individual within every family within every household selected for participation in the NHIS. Survey data about individuals who were either not available at the time of the interview or under 18 were provided by an available adult in the household.